The Western Gate of Serdica

The site is located among the following streets: G. Washington, Kniaz Boris I, Pirotska and Trapezitza . This is an in situ archaeological complex which includes elements of the city’s fortification system – the gate’s northern pentagonal tower with the passage emerging from it  (4.50 m wide and 7.65 m long), a triangular tower at the curve of the fortress wall, a section of the fortress wall with its two belts – inner and exterior , about 60 m long and 4.50 m wide; sections of the street grid – decumanus maximus (main  street connecting the western and the eastern fortress gates of the city), via sagularis – the street along the western fortress wall, ruins of civil and sacred architecture (three-naved basilica with multicolour  mosaics on the floor dating from the 4th century). The archaeological finds are dated back to the period between the second half of the 2nd century and the 15th century.


Archaeological investigation

The site was investigated by the Sofia History Museum  as far back as in 1974–1980. The excavations were resumed in 2010 with financing from the Sofia’s  Culture Programme.

Condition prior to the project start-up:

  • Damage of the original substrate
  • Loss of jointing mortar
  • Caved stone masonry
  • Dislocated stone paving
  • Collapsed stone stairs
  • The street to the east is in need of emergency recovery

Main activities

  • Conservation
  • Restoration
  • Construction strengthening along G. Washington Street
  • Urbanisation  
  • Exposing mainly the 4th to 6th centuries period

The project includes construction of an open-air archaeological park with a dedicated area  for cultural events (concerts, readings, theatre performances, etc).